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Jokioinen, history and the future
The Jokioinen story starts with the land and its farming. In the centre of Jokioinen, the stately manor estate setting with its parklands and plush gardens emanate the atmosphere of a bygone era. The Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE) and the agricultural exhibition and domestic animal park, Elonkierto, have naturally found their place in Jokioinen, in the middle of beautiful Tavastia Proper landscape.
During the summer months you can hop on te stem train or give your muscles a workout by taking on of the handcars for a run – in that case it is a good idea to `tank up´in one of the many restaurants and cafes in Jokioinen.
Municipality and the manor estate
The history of Jokioinen is tightly interwoven with the Jokioinen Estate. The Estate was established in 1562, when the King Eric XIV of Sweden granted the land to Klaus Horn. It developed into the largest estate in Finland during the time of the provincial governor Ernst Gustaf von Willebrand who moved to the Estate towards the end of the 18th century. By early 1900s, the Estate had acquired a corn mill, a saw mill, a brick factory, a steel plant and sugar and syrup factories.
As a result of the Tenant Farmers’ Act of 1918 and the Land Acquisition Act of 1920´s, the Estate was divided into 950 small farms. The rest of the Estate was transferred to the ownership of the Finnish state in 1918. In 1928, the Department of Finnish Plant Breeding was transferred to the Estate and Jokioinen.
In Jokioinen, the beautiful scenery and the cultural environment exist harmoniously side by side. The main features of Jokioinen are the Jokioinen Estate with its historic buildings, manufacturing industry and research and science institutes. These are an integral part of life for the inhabitants and are also very visible to visitors.
Trip throught the decades
In Jokioinen are several interesting sights to experience local history. The Jokioinen Church is from 17th century and one of the oldest wooden churches in Finland which are in use around the year. The Parsonage Museum preserves evidence of the ways of life in a country vicarage in the mid-1800s. The collections also include mementos of Finland´s first female minister´s Miina Sillanpää’s life. The Jokioinen Museum Railway operates on 14 kilometres long narrow gauge track during summer weekends with authentic old steam engines. The unique Narrow Gauge Museum, a souvenirs shop and a summer café are located in Minkiö Station.
There are four Agricultural Exhibition Parks in Jokioinen, which are established by Luke Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luonnonvarakeskus). Elonkierto is an agricultural exhibition park and describes the story of Finnish agriculture, agricultural research and how it is applied in the natural environment. The Estate park and the Wendla Garden houses old plants and trees that have grown the Jokioinen estate park. In the Wendla Garden grow also FinE-species from a national genetic resources programme. Ferraria Slope in Jokioinen is a park that showcases the diversity and cultivation history of Finnish fruit and berry plants. The best way to explore the garden is by taste.